The worldwide semiconductor foundry market totaled $29.8 billion in 2011, a 5.1-percent increase from 2010, according to research firm Gartner.
Analysts said the semiconductor supply chain experienced some impact from the Japanese disasters and Thailand flooding. However, without the steep depreciation of US currency, analysts said that foundry growth in 2011 would have been just 0.7 percent.
“Thanks to stable media tablet and mobile phone sales, a slide of the semiconductor and foundry revenue in 2011 was prevented,” said Samuel Tuan Wang, research director at Gartner.
“After 40.5 percent growth from 2009 to 2010, the foundry market maintained relatively flat business in 2011 due to the weakness in PC production and an overall consumer demand hit, as well as a leaner inventory practice by customers that started in mid-2011.”
Consolidation and domination of business continued. The top five foundry players accounted for almost 80 percent of the foundry market share, with the top player, TSMC, expanding its revenue over 2010 and reaching 48.8 percent share in 2011.
Samsung’s foundry, with $470 million in revenue, ranked No. 9. However, Samsung Electronics had been very aggressively expanding its LSI business in 2011. Had the estimated $1 billion Apple wafer business been included in its foundry revenue, Samsung would rank as high as No. 4 in the foundry ranking.
Powerchip had a nearly threefold increase in foundry revenue in one year due to the strategic decision to shift from the commodity DRAM business to foundry in early 2011.
Communications, consumer and data processing continued to be the three key applications driving the foundry business; they accounted for 42.7 percent, 20.9 percent and 20.3 percent of the foundry revenue, respectively, in 2011.
Fabless customers contributed 77.8 percent of the foundry business, integrated device manufacturers contributed 20.2 percent, and the remaining came from system companies.
By region, America’s customers generated 62.8 percent of the foundry revenue, Asia-Pacific 22.2 percent, Europe 10 percent, and Japan 4.9 percent.
“Given the aggressive capital spending by large foundries during 2010 and 2011, the oversupply of foundry capacity was inevitable,” said Wang.
“The utilization rate for foundries continued to decline quarter to quarter in 2011, causing the annual average utilization rate to drop to 81 percent from 91 percent in 2010. Advanced technology for mobile applications was the driver for the growth of foundry business in 2011, and the demand is expected to remain high during the next few years.”