PLDT to Globe: You got it wrong on domestic IP peering

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PH IX On Tuesday, July 15, Globe said PLDT should make good its claim of supporting IP peering by connecting to the Philippine Open Internet Exchange (PHOpenIX), which is being operated by the Department of Science and Technology-Advanced Science and Technology Institute (DOST-ASTI). ?We welcome PLDT?s latest statement supporting IP peering. In so doing, PLDT should then connect to the government?s only Internet exchange or at least establish direct peering with Globe Telecom. Nothing less would suffice to validate its claim of support for an effective and reliable IP peering among various ISPs in the country,? stated Francisco ?Cocoy? Claravall, vice president for consumer broadband products at Globe. Claravall pointed out that Globe currently has a 10Gbps port with Vitro Internet Exchange (VIX), which is hosted by PLDT. However, he said Globe does not have any Internet traffic to any PLDT subscribers through VIX but only with other ISPs. PLDT said recently it supports initiatives to implement IP peering, but emphasized such arrangements must be voluntary, in line with generally accepted international practice. According to Claravall, around 15 percent to 30 percent of all Internet traffic in the Philippines is domestic. This means that domestic traffic originates in the Philippines and terminates in the Philippines. He said an effective IP peering policy would greatly improve Internet speeds in the country as it would give local ISPs like Globe a direct route to access local content for faster data interchange. He pointed that in Singapore and South Korea, Internet content are mostly generated internally, as a result of an effective IP peering policy, which in turn enhances Internet speed. But, PLDT and Smart public affairs head Ramon Isberto said Globe?s assertion that domestic peering is the solution to slow Internet speeds is erroneous and is not based on the realities of the Philippines. ?South Korean Internet users largely access content written in the South Korean language. The same is true for Internet users in other major Asian markets like China, Japan, Thailand and Vietnam ? they all access content in their respective national languages [that use characters instead of the English alphabet],? said Isberto. ?That is principally why Internet traffic in these countries is largely domestic. In the case of the Philippines, we are fluent in English and are thus oriented towards overseas Internet content,? he pointed out. Contrary to Claravall’s assertion, Isberto said up to 80 to 90 percent of local Internet traffic is content sourced from overseas, largely from the United States. ?Because of that, in the case of the Philippines, domestic peering will not address complaints of slow Internet speed,? he said. Isberto said the proposed mandatory peering through the facilities of the PHOpenIX is neither a solution. In an earlier position paper, PLDT expressed concern that the quality of Internet services could suffer because there are no clear safeguards to ensure that the DOST-ASTI IP exchange can operate efficiently or securely. ?We maintain that the most equitable and efficient way of establishing peering arrangements is through bilateral commercial agreements between the concerned parties. Such agreements would require both parties to undertake the needed technical and commercial measures to ensure the quality and viability of Internet services,? Isberto said. For Globe, however, the voluntary peering arrangement that PLDT is proposing is merely an IP transit and not real IP peering. ?? [I]t is important to distinguish IP transit vs. peering. IP transit is when an ISP (usually a Tier 2 ISP) uses another ISP (usually a Tier 1 ISP such as PLDT or Globe) to access the rest of the Internet via a transit arrangement and therefore the former uses the resources of the Tier 1 ISP to allow its uses to access the rest of the Internet. That is not our intent when we push for IP peering,? Claravall said. Under an IP peering arrangement, the Internet traffic is freely exchanged between the Tier 1 ISP and each ISP provides the other partner with access to its own customers and vice versa but not to the entire Internet, the Globe exec said. Globe said a mandatory IP peering among carriers, no less, should be put in place to improve Internet services in the country. ]]>

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