Wednesday, May 29, 2024

House bill on national ID system hurdles first hearing

The House Committee on Revision of Laws has reported out for floor deliberation a measure that establishes the Filipino Identification System.

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House Bill No. 5060, which substituted House Bills 11, 489, 2243 and 2249, mandates every Filipino, whether residing in the Philippines or abroad, to register personal information required by the ID system for purposes of securing a non-transferrable Filipino ID Card with a number that shall be valid for life.

Reps. Marlyn L. Primicias-Agabas (6th District, Pangasinan), chairperson of the Committee on Revision of Laws, and Al Francis C. Bichara (2nd District, Albay) sponsored the bill, which shall gradually concert and consolidate all existing government-initiated identification systems into one-integrated and efficient identification system.

Under the bill to be known as the Filipino Identification System Act, every Filipino residing in the Philippines shall apply for the registration and issuance of the Filipino ID Card at the office of the Local Civil Registrar of the city where one is resident.

Those living abroad shall apply for registration and issuance of the Filipino ID Card at the nearest Philippine Embassy or Consular Office of the country where they are residing.

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), as the implementing agency, shall issue a Filipino ID Card within 90 days from the registration of live birth.

The parents or the legal guardian of the minor, incompetent or disabled person shall be responsible for the application and safekeeping of the issued Filipino ID Card.

The Filipino ID Card, which shall be made of tamper-proof security material, shall have on its face the imprinted photograph, name, birth date, gender, date of issue, signature of the owner, the corresponding individual serial number issued by the PSA and such other data as may be deemed necessary. It shall also have the capability to store at least the biometric data of the individual cardholder.

The ID card may only be replaced when a child reaches the legal age of 18 years old, when there is a change in name, family name by virtue of court order or by application of law and when ID card is lost or destroyed. Filipino cardholders are required to renew their ID card upon reaching the age of 60.

The Filipino ID Card shall be presented in all government transactions including applications for passport and driver’s license; applications for any services and benefits offered by the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) and Home Development Mutual Fund (HDMF); and applications for clearances from the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), courts, prosecutor and the police.

It shall also be used as proof of identity, status, age, address, for admission in all learning institutions, for employment purposes, for transactions in banking and financial institutions, for availment of benefits or privileges afforded by law to senior citizens and for voting identification purposes.

The bill penalizes any person who knowingly uses false information in applying for the issuance of a Filipino ID Card or procures one through fraud and utilizes in an unlawful manner with a fine of not less than P50,000 but not more than P500,000 or an imprisonment of not less than six months but not more than two years, or both at the discretion of the court.

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